从大调音阶开始练习 | Hub Guitar

从大调音阶开始练习

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Hi. This is Hub Guitar.

Before you try to read a piece of music, it's a good idea to do some preparation. This will make your job a lot easier.

First, you want to check the range and make sure you're in the right position on the guitar. You want to try to find an area of the guitar where you can play all of the notes in the written music, or at least as many as possible.

Then you want to take a look at what key it's in. Usually that will give you a clue to approach it.

For instance, if the music is in C major, and the lowest note is this G here and the highest note is this G, then you'll want to warm up with a C major scale in the first position. Most of the notes you'll have to read will probably be in that scale.

So warming up with the scale is not just a vague exercise. It has very real uses. If the melody moves by step, you just go up the scale. If the melody moves up in thirds, you play the scale in thirds. As much as possible, you want to be reading the music by following along with the scale.

Let's take a look at a few of these scales. I'm going to show you some different C major scales, starting with this C major scale in the first position. Next I'm going to show you a C major in the fifth position. Now let's do it in position seven.

So when you see a piece of music, try to figure out what key it is and ideally what position is ideal to play it. Then warm up by playing the notes in that key, or the major scale, in that position.


开始读乐谱前的准备

当我们拿到一份乐谱准备开始读之前,先快速地想一想一些问题,比如:

  • 这首乐谱是适合吉他弹奏的还是其他乐器?
  • 这段乐谱的音域是?最高音和最低音是?
  • 根据这段乐谱,我应该在哪个把位弹奏?
  • 这段乐谱的调号是什么?哪几个音我应该特别注意?

在这节课里,我们将会弹到几个大调音阶,从中更好的理解音调和把位之间的联系。换句话说,就是哪种音调在哪个把位上面弹奏更加合适,另外还有就是,当你改变把位的时候,你在吉他上能够reach的范围会有怎样的改变。

试试在弹每一个音时都停留一会儿。

不要跳过下面每一个例子,关掉你的手机开始练习吧!要掌握这个技巧你要吃一点点苦头,虽然在练习的时候你会觉得有些困难,但是当你最后可以读乐谱的时候你会发现这是一件很有趣的事!

C大调, Position I

在这个把位中,我们会从G开始,也就是第五个音开始向上走,使用一些空弦。我们可以reach到low G,甚至更低,但我们可以接触到的最高音并不是很高。对于C大调旋律来说,音域太高不是个好选择。

C大调, Position V

对于C大调来说,这个把位还是比较灵活的,我们还是可以reach到low “A”,而现在我们还可以reachhigh “C”。这对于很多吉他旋律来说很有用,但很多旋律也会有这个音域意外的音符。

C 大调, Position VII

这个把位上,我们可以reach到很多些较高的音符,我们可以reach到高音E,但是弹起来有些困难。这个把位很适合那些有很多高音的旋律。

G 大调, Position II

这个把位太低,不是很实用。

G 大调, Position X

对音域很宽的旋律来说是个很好的选择。

F 大调, Position I

F 大调, Position V

D 大调, Position IV

B♭ 大调, Position V

本日目标

  • 在你练习完这些音阶以后,你应该可以用它们来读这里呈现给你的这些简单旋律的任何一个音调。

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