吉他扫弦 | Hub Guitar

吉他扫弦

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Hi. This is Hub Guitar.

A big part of ear training is learning to recognize rhythms and then to play them on your guitar. So let's take a quick look at how to convert rhythms into guitar strumming patterns.

The key to picking this up is to remember that down beats are down strokes, and up beats are up strokes.

The first example is just four/four-- that's common time--and we'll play four straight beats. Since these are all down beats or quarter notes, we'll hit them all with a downward stroke, too. I'm going to use a C major chord as an example.

Now let's add some upbeats in between the notes. If you think about it, my hand had to come back up after every down stroke. So now I'm just going to use the pick to play the strings on my way up, too.

Now that we've got this basic grid established, we can start adding rests to create more interesting rhythms. A rest is a rhythm that's not played. So if I turn the third downbeat into a rest, I'm going to skip over it. You can use your voice to mark the missing beat; many players find that to be helpful.

So you need some way to measure the rhythm and compare it against what you're playing. Don't be shy about tapping your foot, tapping your hand on something, or just pronouncing those rhythms like I did verbally.


Downstroke only

simple strumming pattern - all quarter notes

和拨弦一样,扫弦也使用 cyclical motion(循环手势)。现在,我们先假设拨弦的手始终做向上向下的动作,即使在无声时。这个motion可以保证你在正确的拍子上扫弦。我们现在用 E minor 和弦扫下面的节奏。这个朝下的 () 符号表示 downstroke,这个像胡萝卜的符号 () 标记表示upstroke.

Downstroke 和 upstroke

simple strumming pattern - all eighth notes

用down strokes(向下扫弦)连续四次扫弦。但即使你用 down-up, down-up 的strumming pattern也没有人会知道,因为一旦你完成了向下扫弦,你的手必须回到原来的位置去进行另一个向下扫弦。那让我们试试在回去的过程中用手向上扫弦吧。

变化

simple strumming pattern - all eighth notes. fifth eighth note is a rest instead of a note (silent).

如果我们使用这些 8 strums 作为基础,我们可以去掉其中几个音,从而得到各种各样不同类型的自模式。当去掉1拍时,还是继续你手部的motion。例如,在接下来的这个例子中,第3个 “down” 是静音的。向下扫空气,你就可以继续扫后面的 upwards。

试试练习

看看你能够用这8个音作为基础,想出多少不同的 strumming patterns?理论上说有多少组合?你自己可以写出多少个?

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