大调音阶和大调五声音阶 | Hub Guitar

大调音阶和大调五声音阶

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Hi. This is Hub Guitar.

We're going to take a look at two very useful scales. One is a pentatonic scale, meaning it has five notes, and the other is a major scale, which has 7. Both of these scales are played in position, which means that each finger plays all of the notes at a particular fret. The first finger plays the notes on fret IV, the second finger fret V, the third finger fret VI and the fourth finger fret VII. So if I say the name of a finger, I'm also indicating the fret.

Here's the pentatonic scale:

And here's the major scale:

These two scales are used very often and I think you'll find them useful in your learning. So memorize the scales and find a way to put them to use.


Pentatonic Major Scale Pattern-大调五声音阶

5-note major scale

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
b natural
f sharp, g flat
c sharp, d flat
fret tile
a natural
e natural
a natural
fret tile
c sharp, d flat
fret tile
b natural
f sharp, g flat
a natural
e natural
b natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

Major (Diatonic) Scale Pattern-大调全音阶

7-note major scale.

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
b natural
f sharp, g flat
c sharp, d flat
fret tile
a natural
e natural
d natural
a natural
fret tile
c sharp, d flat
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
b natural
f sharp, g flat
d natural
a natural
e natural
b natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

现在你应该已经可以弹奏 大调音阶了,它是所有现在音乐的基础,它所有的音都在B弦上。然而,就为了弹奏几个音符去大幅度移动你的手指好像并不是很实际,所以现在我们要进行适当的改变,使你能够在小的幅度里跨越更少的品格来弹奏它。

注意点:

“R” 表示根音,或者音阶中的最低音,这也是我们如何命名这些音阶的,如果你从第三品开始弹奏上面两个音阶,根音将会是 “G”,而它就会是 G 大调音阶。

常见的错误

不要倒过来学习这个音阶,图中最底下的线代表了吉他上最粗的E弦。

本日目标

  1. 学习弹奏这个音阶(上行和下行)。
  2. 牢记这个音阶。
  3. 比较和理解这两个音阶之间的区别。

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