V of V Secondary Dominant Pattern | Hub Guitar

V of V Secondary Dominant Pattern

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We're going to talk about the V of V secondary dominant chord. It's a chord that doesn't belong in the key of the music, but it is related. This example is in F major. The V chord in F major is C major. C major has a G major chord, but F major does not. No problem, we'll borrow the G major chord from the key of C major, and stick it in front of the C major chord to make it sound even more C-major-sh. Then we'll go back to the key of F. The whole thing will be heard as an event in the key of F major because there is only a brief moment where it uses a note that's not in the key of F.

Here's an example using F major, D minor, G minor, G and C major.

This is really useful if you want to highlight the V chord. So try to learn these patterns and apply them to your playing.


The secondary dominant for a V chord is the dominant chord from that key built on the V.

Example Chord Progression

In the key of F major, the I chord is F and the V chord is C.

If we want to create a tonicizationA method of composition which, usually temporarily, gives rise to the feeling that the tonal center has changed. For instance, the VImin can be tonicized by preceding it with the V/VI secondary dominant chord. of the C chord, we can use the dominant (V) chord from its key. That chord would be G major. Since the G major chord cannot be found in the key of F, when we hear it followed by a C chord, we will hear this resolution as a secondary dominant if the rest of the chords are in F.

Creating the G major chord requires raising the B♭ from the IImin chord of F to B♮, creating a clear V/V chord.

This chord can optionally be played as a dominant seventh, but the “key note” that makes it a secondary dominant is the B. The seventh of the chord, F, is the same—regardless of whether the chord is a IImin or a V/V.

This chord has a bit cheerful sound due to the fact that it introduces a “Lydian” note (♯4) into the key. It can be heard in the melody of the national anthem of the USA: “and our flag was still there”.

Example

Function I VImin IImin V/V V
Chord F Dmin Gmin G C
Chord Source F major F major F major C major F major

The Chords

Fmaj

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
f natural
fret tile
fret tile
a natural
c natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

F Major scale

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
d natural
a natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
f natural
fret tile
e natural
fret tile
f natural
c natural
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

Dmin

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
f natural
fret tile
fret tile
a natural
fret tile
fret tile
d natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

D Aeolian scale (From F Major)

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
f natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
g natural
d natural
fret tile
c natural
fret tile
a natural
e natural
fret tile
d natural

Gmin

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
d natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

G Dorian Scale (From D Major)

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
e natural
fret tile
f natural
c natural
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
d natural
a natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

Gmaj

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
b natural
d natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

G Mixolydian Scale (From C Major)

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
e natural
b natural
fret tile
f natural
c natural
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
d natural
a natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

Cmaj

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
fret tile
e natural
fret tile

C Mixolydian scale (From F Major)

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
e natural
fret tile
a natural
f natural
c natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
g natural
d natural
fret tile
c natural
fret tile
fret tile

Key Exercises

  • Learn, memorize, and apply the patterns.
  • Play the chords using stop time stop time and use the provided scales to improvise.

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