Modulating II-V Patterns | Hub Guitar

Modulating II-V Patterns

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Hi. This is Hub Guitar.

The ii-V chord pattern is very important in some styles, especially Jazz and Latin. In some case, it repeats pretty much endlessly.

So basically, you end up with the ii and V chords of one key, then the ii and V chords from another key, and so on.

One of the more common ways to do this is to morph the V chord into the ii chord of another key by changing it from a dominant 7th chord to a minor seventh chord. For instance, if we do a ii-V in F major, we'll have G-7 and C7. Then if we take that C7 and turn it into C-7, we can think of that as the ii of Bb major followed by an F7, for another ii-V. This can go on forever.

So I am going to show you an example. This can basically go on forever if you want it to.

Learn the patterns, and apply them to your own playing.


It’s better not to say the “J” word without just cause, but it is called for here. In Jazz music, many tunes are based on the ii-V chord progression. These ii-V’s can move across many potential keys.

One common method used to travel across many ii-V’s is to pivot the V into a minor chord, and then let this minor chord serve as the ii of another V to follow. We will explore this method in this lesson.

Key Changes

Since this lesson crosses several keys, the keys will be color-coded to add clarity.

Scales

In addition to the chords, each ii-V will have a major scale attached to it for improvisation and reference.

The Chord Progression

G-7C7 C-7F7
F-7B♭7 B♭-7E♭7

The Fretboard Patterns

G-7

Key of F major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
d natural
f natural
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

C7

Key of F major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
fret tile
e natural
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

F major scale (For G-7 C7 ii-V)

Key of F major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
f natural
fret tile
e natural
fret tile
d natural
a natural
f natural
c natural
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
e natural
g natural
d natural
a natural
fret tile
c natural
fret tile
fret tile

C-7

Key of B♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
d sharp, e flat
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

F7

Key of B♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
d sharp, e flat
f natural
fret tile
fret tile
a natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

B♭ major scale (For C-7 F7 ii-V)

Key of B♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
d sharp, e flat
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
d natural
a natural
fret tile
c natural
g natural
d sharp, e flat
a sharp, b flat
f natural
c natural
fret tile
fret tile
d natural
a natural
f natural
c natural
g natural
d natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

F-7

Key of E♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
d sharp, e flat
f natural
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

B♭7

Key of E♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
d natural
fret tile
f natural
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

E♭ major scale (For F-7 B♭7 ii-V)

Key of E♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
d sharp, e flat
fret tile
d natural
fret tile
c natural
g natural
d sharp, e flat
a sharp, b flat
f natural
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
d natural
f natural
c natural
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

B♭-7

Key of A♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
c sharp, d flat
fret tile
fret tile
f natural
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

E♭7

Key of A♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
c sharp, d flat
d sharp, e flat
fret tile
fret tile
g natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

A♭ major scale (For B♭-7 E♭7 ii-V)

Key of A♭ major

fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
g sharp, a flat
c sharp, d flat
g sharp, a flat
fret tile
c natural
g natural
fret tile
a sharp, b flat
f natural
c sharp, d flat
g sharp, a flat
d sharp, e flat
a sharp, b flat
fret tile
fret tile
c natural
g natural
d sharp, e flat
a sharp, b flat
f natural
c natural
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile
fret tile

Key Exercises

  • Learn, memorize, and apply the paterns.
  • Play the chord progression, using the scale to improvise short melodies between each chord.
  • Practice improvising over a set of ii-V’s that proceed along this progression until reaching the original chord again.

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